Siem Reap Cambodia
Siem Reap is the capital city of Siem Reap Province in the Northwest of the Cambodia bordering to the North with Oddor Meanchey, to the East with Preah Vihear and Kampong Thom, to the West with Banteay Meanchey and to the South with the biggest sweet water reserve in Southeast Asia, the huge Tonle Sap Lake. It is the best place and a popular town to learn more about Khmer history and culture on the temples; and a gateway to the millennium-old ruins of the Khmer Empire of Angkor. For this last few decade since the tourism sector has been booming in Cambodia, Siem Reap is one of the top tourist attraction entire the country. Siem Reap today is known as a popular tourist destination—has a large number of hotels, resorts, restaurants and businesses closely related to tourism. Beside these, in the city, there are museums, traditional Apsara dance performances, a Cambodian cultural village, souvenir and handicraft shops, silk farms, rice-paddies in the countryside, fishing villages and a bird sanctuary near the Tonle Sap Lake.
Siem Reap province is 10,299 square kilometres big. At the same time, the current total population of the town is approximately T 903,030 people or 6.3% of the country’s total population (14,363,519 person in Cambodia, 2007, provincial government data), with 440,395 male and 462,635 female. The population density is therefore 87,7 people per square kilometre. The administration of the province is subdivided into 12 districts, 100 communes and 907 villages. The districts are Angkor Chum, Angkor Thom, Banteay Srei, Chi Kraeng, Kralanh, Puok, Prasat Bakong, Siem Reap, Soutr Nikom, Srei Snam, Svay Leu and Varin. Siem Reap has a relatively lengthy wet season, which starts in April and ends in November. The dry season covers the remaining four months.
Dated back to several decades ago, Siem Reap has colonial and Chinese-style architecture in the Old French Quarter, and around the Old Market. The name of the city literally means Siamese defeated, referring to the victory of the Khmer Empire over the army of the Thai kingdom in the 17th century.
Tourism is a very important aspect of the economy of Siem Reap – it was estimated in 2010 that over 50% of jobs in the town were related to the tourism industry. The city has seen a massive increase in tourist trade in the couple of decades after the end of the Khmer Rouge era, and businesses centered on tourism have flourished due to the tourism boom. There are hundred temples to see in Siem Reap, but most tourists in Siem Reap come to visit the Angkor Wat, Angkor Thom, and other Angkor ruins. The Angkor Temple Complex has been designated a UN Heritage Site and consists of hundreds of structures from the 9th to the 14th century that tell the story of the rise and fall of the Khmer empire. Regarding to places to eat, buy, stay and visit, there are plenty shopping malls around the Psar Chas area, and there are also a number of western-styled pubs and bars catering to tourists. The town offers a large and varied choice of accommodations, from boutique hotels and 5-star resorts to dozens of mid-range places and budget digs. Tourist also can explore the nature around Siem Reap such as Kulen Mountain- to see waterfall and swim in it, and take boat to see way of living of people in the floating village and wild birds on Tonel Sap. It is truly nature-based. Except the tourism sector the provincial economy was and still is growing due to the enforced fishery. Thousands of tons are annually exported to other provinces within the country or outside Cambodia. Farming and fruit cropping has probably become a minor profitable sector.
Most of people living in the center of Siem Reap come from other provinces to run their business since it is a tourism town with the expectation to earn more money through this industry. Regarding to higher education institutes, not many institutes are available in the town meaning that people can still pursue their education there or come to Phnom Penh.
Note Siem Reap Cambodia on your do list for vacations and remember that the recommended dates are from October to March when the weather is most comfortable, the temperature is moderate and the sun shines most of the day.