Phnom Penh Cambodia
Phnom Penh capital city of Cambodia Kingdom of wonder is a historical and cultural city. The city surface is about 376 square kilometers with the total population of approximately 2 millions. Situated at the confluence of three rivers, the mighty Mekong, the Bassac and the great Tonle Sap. These rivers provide freshwater and other natural resources to the city. Phnom Penh and the surrounding areas consist of a typical floodplain area for Cambodia. Phnom Penh is located in the southern heard of the country and fully surrounded by the Kandal Province. This beautiful and historical city was founded in 1434. Phnom Penh remained the royal capital for 73 years—from 1432 to 1505. It was abandoned for 360 years—from 1505 to 1865—by subsequent kings due to internal fighting between the royal pretenders. Later kings moved the capital several times and established their royal capitals at various locations. Until 1866, under the reign of King Norodom I (1860–1904) the eldest son of King Ang Duong, who ruled on behalf of Siam, that Phnom Penh became the permanent seat of government and capital of Cambodia, and also where the current Royal Palace was built.
The population density is therefore 5,343.8 people per square kilometer. The population is Original Khmer 60%, Chinese 15%, Vietnamese 20% and 5% other. The population growth in the city is about 3.9%. The city temperatures range from 22 to 38 °C (72 to 95 °F), but temperatures can approach 40 °C (104 °F) in April, and experiences tropical monsoons. Phnom Penh is situated at 11.89 metres (39 ft) above the river.
Phnom Penh has its own story about an old ladies and Buddha statues. The story was the five statues were floating down the Mekong in a Koki tree and an old wealthy widow named Daun Penh (Grandma Penh) saved them and set them up on this very hill for worshiping. The city takes its name from the re-known Wat Phnom Daun Penh (nowadays: Wat Phnom or Hill Temple), which was built in 1373 to house five statues of Buddha on a man made hill 27 meters high. Phnom Penh was also previously known as Krong Chaktomuk (Chaturmukha) meaning “City of Four Faces”. This name refers to the confluence where the Mekong, Bassac, and Tonle Sap rivers cross to form an “X” where the capital is situated.
The municipality is subdivided into twelve administrative divisions called Khans (districts) and of these twelve Khans, Dangkao, Meanchey, Porsenchey, Sen Sok, Chamkar Mon, 7 Makara and Russey Keo. All Khans are under the governance of the Phnom Penh Municipality. The Khans are further subdivided into 76 Sangkats (communes), and 637 Kroms. Phnom Penh is known as a modern place nationwide and where people could earn more money and higher education. There are more than 20 universities and many more schools in Phnom Penh alone to cultivate human resources. The universities range from public to private.
The city has been considered as the ‘Gem’ of Indochina because of its great and interesting features, economy and location. Recently, the city exudes a sort of provincial charm and tranquility with French colonial mansions and tree-lined boulevards amidst monumental Angkorian architecture, and there are many places to see and activities to do because it is also the best tourist destination. There are also a wide variety of services including five star hotels and budget guest houses, fine international dining, sidewalk noodle shops, neighborhood pubs international discos and more. These places are available both at day and night times. The three main worship and historical places that visitors should go to see are Royal Palace- open everyday 7days per week from 7:a.m to 5:00p.m, National Museum open everyday 7days per week from 7:a.m to 5:00p.m with Khmer traditional show and dance performance in the evening, and Wat Phnom (the hill where lady Penh placed the Buddha status).
The main economy is based on commercial such as garments, trading, small and medium enterprises. Tourism is also a major contributor in the capital as more shopping and commercial centers open, making Phnom Penh one of the major tourist destinations in the country along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville. The city has the highest Human development index in the country, with a HDI of 0.936.
Phnom Penh, a cultural and historical city is fabulous with its friendly and understanding people.